E-Mobility- India’s Vision 2030
The world is applauding the discovery of a black hole. Human is embarked upon a journey to propel to different planets and solar systems. We rule the space. But aren’t we the only ones who ruin it? The disturbing rise in temperature, melting of icebergs, rise in sea-level are effects of global warming. Increasing Carbon Dioxide emission is at the core of this major issue. The automotive industry is being targeted for growing CO2 emissions. With all concerns in mind, automotive experts have found a solution for low emissions. It is none other than electric vehicles. Electric mobility is the go-to solution for reducing carbon emissions. It is the future mode of transportation. Countries around the globe are escalating slowly and steadily to e-mobility.
India is also a popular and growing automotive market in the world. So far, India has taken baby steps to adopt e-mobility. Mr Nitin Gadkari (Minister for Road and Highway Transport, India) said in SIAM conclave that they will bulldoze the market with electric vehicles. Mr Piyush Goyal (Power Minister, India) also said that India will be fully electric vehicle driven country by 2030. This all started in 2013 when India unveiled the ‘National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020’ to address issues of vehicle pollution. India also took part in Paris Climate Agreement 2016 where we pledged to reduce carbon emission by 25% in 2030.
The Indian government decided to adopt the following policies to promote e-mobility:
- Providing a subsidy to users who buy electric vehicles
- Building the necessary infrastructure for charging stations
- Fund buses to state road transport undertakings on the outright purchase or lease model
- Encourage the use of electric vehicles, focusing on buses for cities across the country
Challenges India have to overcome:
- Creating awareness among citizens to use electric vehicles
- Investing money into building power stations
- Finding renewable sources of energy to produce electricity
- Reducing the prices of electric vehicle batteries
- Cost optimization of cars and reducing their maintenance fee
- Introducing favourable norms that will encourage global EV companies to launch their vehicle in India
- Encouraging new startups in e-mobility to grow under ‘Make-in-India’
The road is not difficult too. Popular Indian brands like Tata, Mahindra already launched their electric cars. Toyota, Honda had developed a hybrid electric car in the market. India’ s first electric bus was launched in Bangalore in 2014. Many automotive start-ups initiated the launch of their own electric buses. Goldstone Infratech supplied 25 buses in Himachal Pradesh. Tata also launched their ‘Starbus Electric’ both hybrid and fully electric. Recently Pune city adopted 500 electric buses from BYD Olectra for intercity transportation. Even two-wheelers and three-wheelers have adopted the electric mode.
But this is not sufficient. This is just a start. Quality and durability still remain a concern. People need to have the confidence to go electric. Brands have to develop and improve their vehicle quality. If not 2030, then 2040 but the electric vehicle is the future. We have to accept that. We’ve always been late to adopt. But this time we need to lead the way to show the world how can you progress towards e-mobility. India has a huge pool of talent. Automotive engineers must take initiative to develop and manufacture new and affordable concept for EVs. Change is easy to observe difficult to implement. Let’s work together to reach our goal of ‘Vision 2030’. Go green!